The FDA is removing boxed warnings about asthma-related deaths from the labels of medications that combine long-acting beta agonists (LABAs) with inhaled in corticosteroids (ICS) after studies indicated such combinations don’t cause more serious asthma-related side effects than ICS treatment alone.
In any case, using LABAs alone to treat asthma without an ICS to treat lung inflammation is related with an increased risk of asthma-related death so the agency said boxed warning to that impact will stay for all single-ingredient LABA medicines, which are approved to treat asthma, chronic obstructive pneumonic illness (COPD), and wheezing caused by exercise.
Both an ICS and LABA the Boxed Warning, about asthma related death has been removed from the drug labels of medicines that contain when LABAs are utilized without an ICS to treat asthma.
In 2011, the FDA required the drug companies that market LABAs to conduct trials to evaluate the safety of LABAs when used as a part of a combination with ICS, and the agency said it has evaluated the outcomes of four large clinical safety trials completed recently.
These trials demonstrated that LABAs, when utilized with ICS, did not significantly increase the risk of asthma-related hospitalizations, the need to insert a breathing tube known as intubation, or asthma-related deaths, compared with ICS alone.
The trials involving 41,297 patients, three conducted in patients 12 years and older, and one in children 4 to 11 years. Patients in all of the trials were treated for a half year. For all of the four trials, the primary safety endpoint was not serious asthma-related events (hospitalizations, intubations, and deaths), which were designed to determine relatedness to asthma.
The three adult/adolescent trials were designed to rule out a risk margin of 2.0, and the pediatric trial was designed to rule out a risk margin of 2.7. Every trial met this target.
The three trials in adults and adolescents were combined in a meta-analysis to give the greater precision of the risk of serious asthma-related events with ICS/LABA products.
The outcomes show that the utilization of ICS/LABA in fixed-dose combination does not result in a significant increase in the risk of serious asthma-related events compared to ICS alone. In decreasing asthma attacks the trials additionally demonstrated that ICS/LABA combination medicines were more effective (e.g., the need to use oral corticosteroids) compared with ICS alone.
This further data has additionally been added to the ICS/LABA labels. Medicines that contain both an ICS and LABA are FDA- approved to treat both asthma and COPD. ICS medicines help decrease inflammation in the lungs.
This inflammation can prompt breathing problems. In the lungs LABAs help the muscles around the airways remain relaxed to prevent symptoms, for example, wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath.